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Conversation: 564-003

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Start Date: 16-Aug-1971 8:55 AM

End Date: 16-Aug-1971 10:10 AM

Participants:

Nixon, Richard M. (President)Haldeman, H. R. ("Bob")White House operatorHaig, Alexander M., Jr.

Recording Device: Oval Office

Full Tape Conversation Start Time: 00:35:39

Full Tape Conversation End Time: 01:49:06

564a.mp3

564b.mp3

NARA Description:

On August 16, 1971, President Richard M. Nixon, H. R. ("Bob") Haldeman, White House operator, and Alexander M. Haig, Jr. met in the Oval Office of the White House from 8:55 am to 10:10 am. The Oval Office taping system captured this recording, which is known as Conversation 564-003 of the White House Tapes.

Nixon Library Finding Aid:

Conversation No. 564-3

Date: August 16, 1971
Time: 8:55 am - 10:10 am
Location: Oval Office

The President met with H. R. (“Bob”) Haldeman.

     National economy
          -President's program
                -Reaction
                      -News summary
                           -George S. McGovern
                           -John Kenneth Galbraith
                      -Wilbur D. Mills
                              3

          NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF

                     Tape Subject Log
                       (rev. 10/06)
                                                       Conv. No. 564-3 (cont.)


      -Michael J. Mansfield
      -Milton Friedman
            -Budget cut
            -Wage and price freeze
      -White House staff
-George P. Shultz's "Today" show appearance
-Reaction
      -White House staff
-Meeting at Camp David
      -Possible story
            -Photographs
                  -Text
            -Distribution of story
                  -Life
                  -US News and World Report
            -President's efforts
                  -Speech
            -Photographs
                  -Unknown photographer [Oliver F. (“Ollie”) Atkins]
                  -Arthur Burns and Shultz
                  -Distribution
                  -Paul W. McCracken
                  -Distribution
-Reaction
      -Long-term issues
            -Economic issue
                  -1972 election
            -People's Republic of China [PRC]
-Peter G. Peterson's views
-Follow-up to August 15, 1971 speech
      -President's possible speech
            -Business Council
      -Competition
      -Comparison to PRC announcement
      -Wage and price freeze
      -PRC
      -Post-Vietnam War
                                               4

                            NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF

                                      Tape Subject Log
                                        (rev. 10/06)
                                                                      Conv. No. 564-3 (cont.)


     President's schedule
          -Radio speeches
                 -Raymond K. Price, Jr.
          -Speechwriters
                 -Deadline

     National economy
          -President's program
                -President’s efforts
                -John B. Connally's role
                      -Possible press conference questions
                -Reaction
                      -Congress
                           -Mills
                      -McCracken

The President talked with the White House operator at an unknown time between 8:55 am and
9:05 am.

[Conversation No. 564-3A]

[See Conversation No. 7-153]

     Request for a call to Mills

[End of telephone conversation]

     National economy
          -President's program
                -McCracken's views

     Presidency
          -Showmanship

The President talked with an unknown person [Alexander M. Haig, Jr.?] at an unknown time
between 8:55 am and 9:05 am.

[Conversation No. 564-3B]
                                              5

                          NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF

                                     Tape Subject Log
                                       (rev. 10/06)
                                                                Conv. No. 564-3 (cont.)


     Vietnam
          -Prisoners of War [POWs]
                -News report
                     -Moscow
                     -Sweden
                     -Veracity

[End of telephone conversation]

     National economy
          -President's program
                -Telephone calls
                      -Haig
                      -The President
                            -Burns
                -Burns
                      -Call to White House, August 16, 1971
                            -Japanese foreign exchange market
                                  -Exchange rate
                                  -Effect on the market
                            -Canadian markets
                      -Attitude
                            -Publicity
                            -Shultz and Connally
                            -Reaction to gold decision
                            -President’s action
                -August 15 speech
                      -Compared to press conference
                      -Decision-making process
                            -PRC

An unknown person entered at an unknown time after 8:55 am.

     Delivery of memorandum

The unknown person left at an unknown time before 9:05 am.

     President’s schedule
          -California
                -Henry A. Kissinger's memo to President
                      -Haig
                                              6

                            NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF

                                      Tape Subject Log
                                        (rev. 10/06)
                                                                       Conv. No. 564-3 (cont.)


                     -Mansfield, Jacob K. Javits, Robert C. Byrd, William Proxmire, Mills,
                                 McGovern, Vance Hartke, American Federation of Labor-
                                 Congress of Industrial Organizations [AFL-CIO], Bank of
                                 America
                -Foreign reactions
                     -Great Britain
                     -Switzerland
                     -Japan
                           -Foreign ministry statement
                -Significance of actions
                     -Showmanship
                     -Pessimism
                           -President’s staff

     American people
         -Attitude
               -Friedman
         -Political expectations
               -Leadership and charisma
               -Appearance of action
               -Administration's response
                     -Lyndon B. Johnson

     White House staff
          -Quality
               -Action
                    -Claiming credit
                         -Domestic Council
                         -Responsibility

     National economy
          -President's program
                -Compared to PRC policy
                -Compared to Johnson's Vietnam policy

The White House operator talked with the President at 9:05 am.

[Conversation No. 564-3C]

[See Conversation No. 7-154]
                                              7

                          NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF

                                     Tape Subject Log
                                       (rev. 10/06)
                                                                      Conv. No. 564-3 (cont.)


[End of telephone conversation]

     National economy
          -President's program
                -President's policy toward PRC
                -Haldeman’s comments at Camp David
                      -Leadership

     Presidency
          -Administration public relations points
                -Leadership
                     -Boldness, courage
                -“World leader for peace”
                -“Personal family man”
                     -Character, decency
                     -Edward M. Kennedy
                     -Dwight D. Eisenhower
                     -First family
                -Prosperity without war and inflation
                -Crime and drugs
                -Environment
                     -Youth
                     -Parks
                     -Administration action
                -Voluntary action
                     -Right to read program
                           -President’s possible involvement
                                 -Educational television
                           -Clinics
                           -Tutoring
                -Opposition by media
                     -Possible Administration response

     Democrats
         -Possible Republican attacks
               -President's conversation with Charles W. Colson, August 15, 1971
                     -Robert J. Dole
                     -Barry M. Goldwater
               -House of Representatives
               -Dole
                     -News summary
                                       8

                     NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF

                               Tape Subject Log
                                 (rev. 10/06)
                                                               Conv. No. 564-3 (cont.)


                -Television
     -Attacks on President's economic program
          -Press coverage
          -Proxmire's comments on "Face the Nation", August 15, 1971
     -Possible attacks on President's economic program
          -Welfare reform
                -Postponement
                      -Effect on poor
                      -Congress
                -Daniel P. Moynihan
          -Revenue-sharing
                -Postponement

National economy
     -President's program
           -Federal employees
                 -Postponement of pay raises and personnel cut
                       -Possible national reaction
           -Foreign aid
                 -Cut
           -Budget
                 -Housing and Urban Development [HUD], Health, Education and Welfare
                       [HEW], Transportation
                 -Treasury
                 -Justice
                       -Anti-trust division
                 -State
                 -Defense
                 -Domestic Council
                 -Office of Management and Budget [OMB]
                 -Office of Science and Technology
                 -Environmental Protection Agency [EPA]
                       -Environment Council

Environment
     -News story concerning White House pressure on William D. Ruckelshaus

National economy
     -President's program
           -Anti-trust laws
                 -Peterson
                                           9

                       NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF

                                    Tape Subject Log
                                      (rev. 10/06)
                                                                   Conv. No. 564-3 (cont.)


                 -John N. Mitchell

President's schedule
     -Cabinet
            -Agenda
                 -President’s possible participation
            -Connally
                 -Forthcoming press conference
            -Length
            -George W. Romney
                 -Call to James D. Hodgson

National economy
     -President's program
           -President's conversation with Pierre Rinfret, August 15, 1971
           -Investment tax credit
                 -Reaction by businessmen
                       -Colson
                       -Confusion with job development credit
                       -Possible action
                             -Machine tools
                 -Peterson's views
                       -Productivity

Appointments
    -Peterson
          -Shultz's conversation with John D. Ehrlichman
               -Balance of payments problem
               -Office of Emergency Preparedness [OEP]
               -Bell and Howell
          -Arnold R. Weber
               -Weber's wife
                      -Chicago

President's economic program
     -Staff reaction
            -PRC
            -Economy
     -Publicity
            -Staff responsibility
                  -Haldeman
                                            10

                        NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF

                                    Tape Subject Log
                                      (rev. 10/06)
                                                                     Conv. No. 564-3 (cont.)


                         -Camp David meeting
                   -Non-press events
                         -Business-Consumer Council
                         -Girls Nation
                         -Business-Consumer Council
                               -Peterson
                   -Herbert G. Klein, Richard A. Moore and Colson
              -Colson's staff
                   -DeVan L. Shumway
              -Power of presidency
                   -Television
              -Television
                   -Effect on staff thinking
                         -Ripple effect
                   -Franklin D. Roosevelt
              -News media
                   -Spiro T. Agnew
                   -Use by Democrats
                         -Birch E. Bayh, Jr.
                   -Image of the President
         -Reaction
              -McGovern

**********************************************************************

BEGIN WITHDRAWN ITEM NO. 2
[Personal Returnable]
[Duration: 46s ]


END WITHDRAWN ITEM NO. 2

**********************************************************************
                  -Income tax exemptions
                       -Effect on budget
                  -Timing of announcement
                       -Democrats

    Administration public relations
        -Forthcoming announcement of President’s trip to Union of Soviet Socialist
              Republics [USSR]
                                          11

                     NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF

                                 Tape Subject Log
                                   (rev. 10/06)
                                                                    Conv. No. 564-3 (cont.)


     -Kissinger’s trip to PRC
     -President’s forthcoming trips to PRC and USSR
           -Timing
     -Possible crisis in 1972

Nelson A. Rockefeller
     -Recent telephone call
           -Ehrlichman
           -President’s recent speech
           -President’s schedule
                 -New York
                       -Waldorf-Astoria Hotel
                 -Ronald W. Reagan
           -Revenue sharing
           -President’s schedule
                 -Ehrlichman
                       -Reagan
                       -Mitchell
                 -Possible breakfast
     -Possible call by President
     -President's schedule
           -New York
                 -Waldorf-Astoria Hotel

National economy
     -President's speech, August 15, 1971
           -Reaction
                 -Public understanding
                       -President's conversation with [Dwight] David, II and Julie
                            Eisenhower
                             -Vietnam
                       -Haldeman's conversation with his wife
           -Preparation
                 -William L. Safire
           -Delivery
           -Preparation
                 -Writing
           -Reaction
                 -Calls to White House
                       -Adjectives
                             -Program compared to speech
                                              12

                            NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF

                                      Tape Subject Log
                                        (rev. 10/06)
                                                                     Conv. No. 564-3 (cont.)


                         -Arthur M. Wood of Sears
                         -Taft Schreiber
                         -Robert Baldwin of Morgan, Stanley
                         -Eugene Black
                               -Japan
                               -Europe
                         -John Clark [?] of Los Angeles
                     -Emotional aspect

     President's speeches
          -Delivery
                 -Teleprompter
          -August 15, 1971 speech
                 -Quality of television coverage
                       -William H. Carruthers's comments
                             -Clothing
                             -Communication
                                  -Form of address
          -Delivery
                 -Ad libs
                       -New York Times
                 Rhetoric
                       -Form of address
                             -Carruthers
                 -Conclusion
          -August 15, 1971
                 -Theme
                       -America’s past compared to future

     President's schedule
          -Rockefeller

The President talked with the White House operator at an unknown time between 9:05 am and
10:01 am.

[Conversation No. 564-3D]

[See Conversation No. 7-155]

[End of telephone conversation]
                                              13

                            NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF

                                      Tape Subject Log
                                        (rev. 10/06)
                                                                   Conv. No. 564-3 (cont.)


     President's schedule
          -Oakland A's
          -Bob Elston
          -Vida Blue
          -Charles O. Finley
          -Elston
          -Blue
          -Washington Senators
          -Chicago White Sox
          -Elston
          -Kansas City
          -Blue
          -Rockefeller
                 -Mitchell

     National economy
          -President's speech, August 15, 1971
                -Preparation
                      -Treasury Department draft
                      -Safire
                -Delivery
                -Safire

     President's schedule


**************************************************************************

BEGIN WITHDRAWN ITEM NO. 7
[Personal Returnable]
[Duration: 5s ]


END WITHDRAWN ITEM NO. 7

**************************************************************************


The President left the room at an unknown time after 9:05 am.

The White House operator talked with Haldeman at an unknown time between 9:05 am and
                                               14

                            NIXON PRESIDENTIAL MATERIALS STAFF

                                     Tape Subject Log
                                       (rev. 10/06)
                                                                       Conv. No. 564-3 (cont.)


10:01 am.

[Conversation No. 564-3E]

[See Conversation No. 7-156]

[End of telephone conversation]

The President entered the room at an unknown time before 10:01 am.

The President talked with Rockefeller between 10:01 am and 10:10 am.

[Conversation No. 564-3F]

[See Conversation No. 7-157; two items have been withdrawn from the conversation]

The President conferred with Haldeman at an unknown time during the telephone conversation.

[End of telephone conversation]

     President's schedule
          -Cabinet meeting
                 -Introduction

The President and Haldeman left at 10:10 am.